characteristics of a reggio emilia classroom
This means that they will need lots of experience with the art media before they can really use it properly to communicate. Parents, both their skills and ideas, are very valuable in every Reggio community. Once the children have mastered these art media for communication and critical thinking they will then be able to.. Then comes the introduction of color mixing with tempera paints, then watercolor painting and then pastels and chalk pastels. The reggio emilia materials are the art materials that are so readily available for the children to document their work. Reflections on the Relationship Between Documentation and Assessment in the American Context. Students are taught by atelieristas, who are teachers with arts backgrounds. A major part of the Reggio Emilia philosophy is the importance of the environment for the children and how the environment can be used as a third teacher. The interesting thing is that both methods originated in Italy. This approach allows children to express themselves in any way they feel comfortable—whether that be by specific movements like dancing, making music, or even playing pretend. Each Reggio Emilia classroom has fully certified teachers who are trained to customize learning based on the children’s unique needs and interests. The book is not a recipe like guide but, it deals more with what the teacher should say and how to introduce the different media. There is reading, writing, math, science and many other types of things that the children learn through their projects that can often extend for weeks and months at a time. In order for the children to learn how to use art media to communicate they need need fluency in the language of art before they will be able to use it for communication and critical thinking. Through emergent curriculum, teachers can facilitate project work that will allow children to explore their areas of interest in detail. Organize your classroom in a way that helps children make thoughtful decisions about the materials they would like to use for different projects, Document children’s progress using many different methods, such as: video, photographs, tape recordings, work portfolios, and recorded dictations, Form a group of other teachers and parents to help compare information and adjust to the special needs and interests of children. Children develop an enthusiasm for knowledge that is enhanced by the ability to experience the many facets of project work in detail. Through careful observation of the classroom, teachers can introduce learning explorations, and develop long-term projects. New England Commission of Higher Education. There really are not a full hundred languages of art and it is just an expression, however there are definite steps that can be taken to each Reggio children about the types of art media in a sequential manner. Be a Co-learner Not an Instructor. The environment of the school, classrooms, and common spaces play a critical role in the Reggio-Inspired approach. For more awesome art for kids...check out, Learning through Crafts, A painting Curriculum & Collage Curriculum. It may take form in many ways, but parents should always be invited to play an active role in their child’s learning experiences as well as help to ensure the welfare of the children in the community around them. Collecting, observing, taking notes, taking photos, transcripts of conversations are all vital to this work. For example, if children have different opinions about a specific topic, the teacher will encourage all opinions and ideas and never insinuate one idea is more accurate than the other. By understanding the philosophy and approach of Reggio Emilia you can however, become a Reggio inspired classroom teacher and bring much of their teachings to your own children. Parents are encouraged to participate in their children’s education and daily life at school, and to extend and reinforce learning opportunities at home. Recreating a similar Reggio style then takes careful consideration of how both learning methods, environmental aspects, and relationships interact together to form the basis of the philosophy. One of the most profound aspects of Reggio Emilia is known as The Hundred Languages of Children, written by the founder of the philosophy Loris Malaguzzi. Childhood, Culture and Society In a Global Context, Evaluation of the Reggio Approach to Early Education, Two randomized trials provide no consistent evidence for nonmusical cognitive benefits of brief preschool music enrichment, Reflections on the Relationship Between Documentation and Assessment in the American Context. Children engage with their senses to help them learn and fully process something. Teachers introduce materials, concepts, and mediums that allow children to express their ideas and interests. The primary tenant of the philosophy is that all children are competent, curious, creative, and capable. Project Work: Through emergent curriculum, teachers can facilitate project work that will allow children to explore their areas of interest in detail. This places power in other methods of expression other than the standard written and verbal forms of communication. It is then, conversely, the teacher’s responsibility to facilitate the exploration of a child’s surroundings. For instance, the Reggio approach isn’t a linear and predetermined curricular progression, and there are no international training courses to become a Reggio teacher. At The Compass School, the Reggio Emilia approach guides us on our mission to provide a safe and nurturing environment that promotes knowledge and inspires a life-long love of learning. Teachers are aware of each child’s potential, and it is their responsibility to help support and guide children throughout the journey of learning. She is an artist and a former preschool teacher who loves the method and has read up on it a lot. My interest in the Reggio Emilia approach to education began when I was in undergrad. They will be able to confidently use these media to create anything related to what they are learning and want to know about. Teachers introduce materials, concepts, and mediums that allow children to express their ideas and interests. You can use cornstarch and water for these experiences. Montessori is a very structured type of education which has specific toys and materials that are supposed to be used to develop certain specific skills. There are 7 guiding principles of the Reggio Emilia approach that are critical in distinguishing Reggio Emilia from similar or competing child-centered approaches to education. When choosing a preschool, while Internet and reading research is important and necessary, nothing is better than actually visiting a school and seeing firsthand if it is something that you think would be appropriate for your preschooler. Gandini L, Kaminsky JA. Within this comfortable environment as part of a Reggio Emilia curriculum is the necessity to help provoke wonder, curiosity and intellectual engagement in the children. Children are full of curiosity and creativity, and in a Reggio inspired classroom, these qualities are consistently emphasized. Children must have some say over what they learn; additionally, the senses play a big role in the learning process. Photographs, writing, reading and of course, the most important part of the reggio emilia preschool curriculum is the art. In the Reggio Emilia approach, the classroom environment is called the third teacher. When you are looking to choose a preschool for your child to attend, whether it is the first time or you are switching schools, keep in mind that there are many different educational philosophies to choose from, even at a young age. This type of art work is not anything like scrapbooking for kids or making easter art projects in the kindergarten classroom. It started in Italy and has filtered its way down to many schools in the United States. The Reggio Emilia approach also depends on a relationship-driven learning environment. They are inspired by their own interest to know and learn, and as such they are endowed with a uniquely individualistic understanding of how to construct learning on their own. The villages in and around Reggio Emilia still follow these principles today. That is where a Reggio Emilia school stands out. Amanda Rock, mom of three, has spent more than a decade of her professional career writing and editing for parents and children. Projects can last anywhere from a few days to several months at a time. Rather, she will facilitate a supportive discussion amongst the children so they can learn how to constructively communicate with their peers. TM Â® & Â© 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2017 Maara House, All Right Reserved. By A major tenet of the Reggio Emilia philosophy is that students should study in comfortable environment that makes them feel at home. Classrooms are also aesthetically pleasing. The Reggio Emilia approach, founded by Loris Malaguzzi, is based on the concept that “The Child has a Hundred Languages.” Students are encouraged to use all their senses beyond verbal and written communication. The Reggio Emilia approach to education is pretty much all the rage today. Maria Montessori however, developed her methods based on the poverty stricken children she was working with and the skills that she felt they needed to develop in a very structured way. They are advocates for the children, and they work closely with colleagues and parents to foster an inviting, interesting, community-based learning environment. A Reggio inspired classroom is a nontraditional learning environment where there are no assigned seats. Children have easy access to supplies and learning material, and are consistently inspired and encouraged to direct their own learning. Key Characteristics of the Reggio Emilia Curriculum. A classroom’s curriculum stems from the particular interests of children. The Reggio Emilia approach is an early education or preschool philosophy that uses four key principles to focus on a child's natural development. Curriculum topics are derived from talking with ... In-Depth Projects. That is what the curriculum is mainly geared towards. Documentation also provides teachers an opportunity to evaluate their own work and exchange ideas with others. As indicated by the first principle, children are collaborators and work best when included in a community as opposed to working independently. These two pieces of the Reggio Emilia education can definitely be incorporated in many environments and I will tell you how. Documentation: Documentation in Reggio-inspired schools may come in a variety of different forms, including photography, videos, conversation transcripts, painting, drawing or other visual mediums like clay and wire. Kate from Aneverydaystory.com (linked to above), … Reggio Emilia values "the potential of all children to think, learn, and construct knowledge." They are the guides that take children through the journey of learning. Help the children collaborate with each other. A Reggio inspired classroom focuses on building the cognitive, social, language, creative, and physical skills that empower students to be knowledge bearers and researchers in their own learning experiences.